Biography of Rodolfo Usigli
Unable to establish himself as a dramatist and encountering political opposition, Usigli entered the diplomatic corps and served for over two decades in France, Lebanon and Norway. During this diplomatic exile he continued to write essays and drama, completing his great trilogy of Mexican history, the Corona plays (Corona de fuego, Corona de luz, and Corona de sombra). Throughout his career he was also able to meet and correspond with European and American artists and intellectuals such as Henri Rene Lenormand, Jean Cocteau, T.S. Eliot, George Bernard Shaw, Bruno Traven, Clifford Odets and Elmer Rice. Not a bad record of intellectual and artistic accomplishment for someone who never attended college and had to complete the last two years of secondary school education taking night courses normally reserved for workers and the poor. Upon his return to Mexico in 1972, Usigli was honored with Mexico's highest literary award, the National Prize for Literature, and acknowledged as the founder of modern Mexican theater. He died in 1979. The "Centro Nacional de Investigacion, Documentacion e Informacion Teatral "Rodolfo Usigli," (CITRU)," the most important center dedicated to the study of the dramatic arts in Mexico bears his name.